What happens in an EVO life-cycle?
What happens when they grow and when they die?
LIVESTREAM 22:00 CET - Sunday 19th December 2021
Quote in title frame, taken from 2010 transcript.
Videos discussed in presentation
Notes on operational mode
It is likely that it should be somewhere between corona and anomalous glow (AG) regime rather than spark. King states it should be AG and is probably right.
Corona discharge is what Lord Raleigh used in the 1930s and the Correa team also, to see excess. Same with Claytor (proved production of Tritium) and Papp (to build Charge Clusters) and Savvatimovva (most recently presented at ICCF-23) and the ECCO generator of Suhas Ralkar.
In fact, Suhas said that if he goes from corona to spark - his fuel containing tubes blew up and the reactor was broken. This is akin to the deliberate blowing up of charge clusters in Papp. Likewise Hutchison needed to have neutral self-similar EVO fragments leaving his discharges in order to interact with metals some distance from his discharges, so violent destruction was appropriate.
That Raleigh, Correa, Ralkar, were claiming excess heat and Claytor and Savvatimovva were observing transmutation - both imply EVO driven processes however at a much more subtle level.
I believe in these systems, this is the mode we should work in, very small clusters are produced and these 'cool' radiating a portion of the mass of their electrons as UV / soft X-Rays and drift to the anode, cooling that there. The ionisation permits extra electrons to form. Some transmutation as observed in gas (Claytor) and on electrodes (Savvatimovva) will provide extra thermal energy to the overal process producing electrons. Additionally if beta decay of the heavy isotope of Xe is achieved or any other beta process - this will increase output also.
The AG operational range in the Moray B. King April 1996 paper is what we want to go for here, we are not trying to do Papp or VEGA EVO Blaster level events. We want to make ‘teeny tiny ones’ and let them ‘fade away’ to some degree on their way to gently touching the anode.
Perhaps we must first have the disruptive discharge and then immediately follow with an AG regime, not too dissimilar to what happens when a HID is first ignited and then driven.
Ken Shoulders said he would first make an EVO with a sharp pulse, and then he would feed it electrons. If he fed it electrons it would stay in white mode. If he didn't, then it would fade away, presumably from loss of mass of the electrons via photon emissions.
So it may actually be that we need to do just that - which is not that far removed from how a normal HID is driven.